Neurogenic tumors are common in posterior mediastinal tumors and neurilemmoma represents approximately 40% of neurogenic tumors arising in the mediastinum. It is usually asymptomatic, and is generally diagnosed incidentally. In some cases, they presented with symptoms of nerve or airway compression. However, a solitary neurilemmoma, particularly not associated with von Recklinghausen disease, with spontaneous hemothorax is quite rare. We report a case of spontaneous massive hemothorax associated with a solitary neurilemmoma.