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Postretirement earnings relative to preretirement earnings: Gender and racial differences

Title
Postretirement earnings relative to preretirement earnings: Gender and racial differences
Authors
Ozawa M.N.Hong B.-E.
Ewha Authors
홍백의
Issue Date
2006
Journal Title
Journal of Gerontological Social Work
ISSN
0163-4372JCR Link
Citation
vol. 47, no. 3-4, pp. 63 - 82
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Abstract
As the social security program comes under increasing financial pressure in the coming decades, the federal government will encourage elderly people to continue to work. Data from the Social Security Administration indicate that earnings are already a sizable component of retirement income. But there is public concern about how women and minorities will fare economically in this changing policy environment. To what extent can women and minorities keep earning money after they reach retirement age? This article presents the results of a study that investigated the postretirement earnings, relative to the preretirement earnings, of women and minorities, and compared the results with those for men and whites. The major finding, based on regression analyses, was that women's postretirement earnings, relative to their preretirement earnings, were greater than those of men. Furthermore, the regression results indicate that nonwhites' postretirement earnings could not be predicted by their preretirement earnings or by any of the independent variables used in the study, including age, gender, education, marital status, number of children, occupation, and preretirement earnings. Copyright © by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1300/J083v47n03_05
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 사회복지학전공 > Journal papers
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