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Binary search in a balanced tree for IP address lookup

Title
Binary search in a balanced tree for IP address lookup
Authors
Lim H.Kim W.Lee B.
Ewha Authors
임혜숙
SCOPUS Author ID
임혜숙scopus
Issue Date
2005
Journal Title
2005 Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing, HPSR 2005
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Abstract
IP address lookup provides forwarding decision based on incoming packet's destination address. Due to the rapid growth of the Internet traffic, IP address lookup became a bottleneck in the Internet routers since it should be performed in wire-speed on packet-by-packet basis. It has been required efficient algorithms and architectures for IP address lookup in terms of lookup performance, memory size requirement, scalability, and update. In this paper, we propose an IP address lookup architecture which shows very good performance in search speed while requires a single small-size memory. In the proposed architecture, using leaf pushing, each of the prefixes becomes disjoint, and the disjoint prefix set constructs a balanced tree that exploits outstanding storage efficiency. The proposed scheme performs binary search on the routing table, in which each of prefixes is stored in ascending order. By confining the binary search space using first 8 bits of prefix, the proposed architecture also improves the search performance greatly. Performance evaluation results show that the proposed scheme requires a single 266.6 KByte SRAM to store about 41000 routing entries, and an address lookup is achieved by 10.4 memory accesses in average. © 2005 IEEE.
ISBN
780389247
Appears in Collections:
엘텍공과대학 > 전자공학과 > Journal papers
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