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Mutations in the PLEKHG5 gene is relevant with autosomal recessive intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Title
Mutations in the PLEKHG5 gene is relevant with autosomal recessive intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
Authors
Kim H.J.Hong Y.B.Park J.-M.Choi Y.-R.Kim Y.J.Yoon B.R.Koo H.Yoo J.H.Kim S.B.Park M.Chung K.W.Choi B.-O.
Ewha Authors
구혜수유정현최병옥
SCOPUS Author ID
구혜수scopus; 유정현scopus
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
ISSN
1750-1172JCR Link
Citation
vol. 8, no. 1
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Background: Mutations in the Pleckstrin homology domain-containing, family G member 5 (PLEKHG5) gene has been reported in a family harboring an autosomal recessive lower motor neuron disease (LMND). However, the PLEKHG5 mutation has not been described to cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). Methods. To identify the causative mutation in an autosomal recessive intermediate CMT (RI-CMT) family with childhood onset, whole exome sequencing (WES), histopathology, and lower leg MRIs were performed. Expression and activity of each mutant protein were analyzed. Results: We identified novel compound heterozygous (p.Thr663Met and p.Gly820Arg) mutations in the PLEKHG5 gene in the present family. The patient revealed clinical manifestations of sensory neuropathy. Fatty replacements in the distal lower leg muscles were more severe than in the thigh muscles. Although the symptoms and signs of this patient harboring slow nerve conduction velocities suggested the possibility of demyelinating neuropathy, a distal sural nerve biopsy was compatible with axonal neuropathy. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the patient has a low level of PLEKHG5 in the distal sural nerve and an in vitro assay suggested that the mutant proteins have a defect in activating the NF-κB signaling pathway. Conclusions: This study identifies compound heterozygous PLEKHG5 mutations as the cause of RI-CMT. We suggest that PLEKHG5 might play a role in the peripheral motor and sensory nervous system. This study expands the phenotypic spectrum of PLEKHG5 mutations. © 2013 Kim et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
DOI
10.1186/1750-1172-8-104
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의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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