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Dual-energy CT in the assessment of mediastinal lymph nodes: Comparative study of virtual non-contrast and true non-contrast images
- Dual-energy CT in the assessment of mediastinal lymph nodes: Comparative study of virtual non-contrast and true non-contrast images
- Yoo S.Y.; Kim Y.; Cho H.H.; Choi M.J.; Shim S.S.; Lee J.K.; Baek S.Y.
- Ewha Authors
- 백승연; 김유경; 이정경; 심성신; 조현혜
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 백승연; 김유경; 이정경; 심성신
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Korean Journal of Radiology
- vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 532 - 539
- SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Objective: To evaluate the reliability of virtual non-contrast (VNC) images reconstructed from contrast-enhanced, dual-energy scans compared with true non-contrast (TNC) images in the assessment of high CT attenuation or calcification of mediastinal lymph nodes. Materials and Methods: A total of 112 mediastinal nodes from 45 patients who underwent non-contrast and dual-energy contrast-enhanced scans were analyzed. Node attenuation in TNC and VNC images was compared both objectively, using computed tomography (CT) attenuation, and subjectively, via visual scoring (0, attenuation ≤ the aorta; 1, > the aorta; 2, calcification). The relationship among attenuation difference between TNC and VNC images, CT attenuation in TNC images, and net contrast enhancement (NCE) was analyzed. Results: CT attenuation in TNC and VNC images showed moderate agreement (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0. 612). The mean absolute difference was 7. 8 ± 7. 6 Hounsfield unit (HU) (range, 0-36 HU), and the absolute difference was equal to or less than 10 HU in 65. 2% of cases (73/112). Visual scores in TNC and VNC images showed fair agreement (k value, 0. 335). Five of 16 nodes (31. 3%) which showed score 1 (n = 15) or 2 (n = 1) in TNC images demonstrated score 1 in VNC images. The TNC-VNC attenuation difference showed a moderate positive correlation with CT attenuation in TNC images (partial correlation coefficient [PCC] adjusted by NCE: 0. 455) and a weak negative correlation with NCE (PCC adjusted by CT attenuation in TNC: -0. 245). Conclusion: VNC images may be useful in the evaluation of mediastinal lymph nodes by providing additional information of high CT attenuation of nodes, although it is underestimated compared with TNC images.
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