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The essential oil of Citrus bergamia Risso induces vasorelaxation of the mouse aorta by activating K + channels and inhibiting Ca 2+ influx

Title
The essential oil of Citrus bergamia Risso induces vasorelaxation of the mouse aorta by activating K + channels and inhibiting Ca 2+ influx
Authors
Kang P.Suh S.H.Min S.S.Seol G.H.
Ewha Authors
서석효
SCOPUS Author ID
서석효scopus
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
ISSN
0022-3573JCR Link
Citation
vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 745 - 749
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Objectives The aim of this study was to explore the effect of the essential oil of Citrus bergamia Risso (bergamot) on mouse blood vessels and to analyse the mechanism of this effect from a pharmacological perspective. Methods We investigated the effect of bergamot essential oil (BEO) on vascular tonus during contraction of mouse aorta induced by prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) or noradrenaline (norepinephrine). Key findings In mouse aortic rings, BEO (0.01, 0.1 and 0.2% v/v) reduced contraction in a dose-dependent manner, and relaxed the vascular tonus induced by PGF 2α. No significant difference in the extent of vasorelaxation induced by 0.1% (v/v) BEO was evident when rings with intact endothelium and endothelium-denuded rings were compared. When aortic rings were suspended in a medium that was Ca2+-free but contained 80 mm KCl, addition of CaCl2 (1, 2.5 or 5 mm) induced contraction in a dose-dependent manner. However, addition of Ca2+ after incubation of the rings with BEO strongly suppressed CaCl2-induced contraction. Further, the K+-channel blocker tetraethylammonium chloride partially blocked BEO-induced vasorelaxation. Conclusions Our findings suggest that BEO may induce endothelium-independent vasorelaxation by regulating the vascular tone of smooth muscle. Activation of K+ channels and inhibition of Ca 2+ influx may be involved in vasorelaxation of mouse aorta elicited by BEO. © 2013 The Authors. JPP © 2013 Royal Pharmaceutical Society.
DOI
10.1111/jphp.12031
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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