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Lancemaside A inhibits microglial activation via modulation of JNK signaling pathway
- Lancemaside A inhibits microglial activation via modulation of JNK signaling pathway
- Jeong Y.-H.; Jung J.-S.; Le T.K.V.; Kim D.-H.; Kim H.-S.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
- vol. 431, no. 3, pp. 369 - 375
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Microglial activation plays an important role in neurodegenerative diseases. Thus, controlling microglial activation is considered to be a promising therapeutic target for neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, we found that lancemaside A, a triterpenoid saponin isolated from Codonopsis lanceolata, inhibited iNOS and proinflammatory cytokines in LPS-stimulated BV2 microglial cells. By analyzing molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory effects of lancemaside A, we found that lancemaside A selectively inhibited LPS-induced JNK phosphorylation among the three types of MAP kinases. A JNK-specific inhibitor, SP600125, like lancemaside A, significantly inhibited not only NO, TNF-α, and IL-6 productions, but also NF-κB and AP-1 activities, suggesting that JNK inhibition is largely involved in the anti-inflammatory mechanism of lancemaside A. Interestingly, both the lancemaside A and SP600125 inhibited ROS production by suppressing the expression and/or phosphorylation of NADPH oxidase subunit proteins, such as p47phox, p67phox, and gp91phox. The antioxidant effects of lancemaside A and SP600125 appear to be related with an increase of hemeoxygenase-1 expression by both agents. Finally, we demonstrated the neuroprotective effects of lancemaside A and SP600125 in microglia-neuron coculture systems. Collectively, our data suggest that JNK pathway plays a key role mediating anti-inflammatory effects of lancemaside A in LPS-stimulated microglia. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
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