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Oxygenation and chlorination of aromatic hydrocarbons with hydrochloric acid photosensitized by 9-mesityl-10-methylacridinium under visible light irradiation

Title
Oxygenation and chlorination of aromatic hydrocarbons with hydrochloric acid photosensitized by 9-mesityl-10-methylacridinium under visible light irradiation
Authors
Ohkubo K.Mizushima K.Fukuzumi S.
Ewha Authors
Shunichi Fukuzumi
SCOPUS Author ID
Shunichi Fukuzumiscopus
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
Research on Chemical Intermediates
ISSN
0922-6168JCR Link
Citation
vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 205 - 220
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Efficient photocatalytic oxygenation of toluene occurs under visible light irradiation of 9-mesityl-10-methylacridinium (Acr+-Mes) in oxygen-saturated acetonitrile containing toluene and aqueous hydrochloric acid with a xenon lamp for 15 h. The oxygenated products, benzoic acid (70 %) and benzaldehyde (30 %), were formed after the photoirradiation. The photocatalytic reaction is initiated by intramolecular photoinduced electron transfer from the mesitylene moiety to the singlet excited state of the Acr+ moiety of Acr+-Mes, which affords the electron-transfer state, Acr •-Mes•+. The Mes•+ moiety can oxidize chloride ion (Cl-) by electron transfer to produce chlorine radical (Cl•), whereas the Acr• moiety can reduce O2 to O 2 •-. The Cl • radical produced abstracts a hydrogen from toluene to afford benzyl radical in competition with the bimolecular radical coupling of Cl •. The benzyl radical reacts with O2 rapidly to afford the peroxyl radical, leading to the oxygenated product, benzaldehyde. Benzaldehyde is readily further photooxygenated to yield benzoic acid with Acr•-Mes•+. In the case of an aromatic compound with electron-donating substituents, 1,3,5-trimethoxybenzene, photocatalytic chlorination occurred efficiently under the same photoirradiation conditions to yield a monochloro-substituted compound, 2,4,6-trimethoxychlorobenzene. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
DOI
10.1007/s11164-012-0643-5
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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