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Computer-navigated versus conventional total knee arthroplasty: A prospective randomized trial

Title
Computer-navigated versus conventional total knee arthroplasty: A prospective randomized trial
Authors
Kim Y.-H.Park J.-W.Kim J.-S.
Ewha Authors
김영후김준식박장원
SCOPUS Author ID
김영후scopus; 김준식scopus; 박장원scopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A
ISSN
0021-9355JCR Link
Citation
vol. 94, no. 22, pp. 2017 - 2024
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Background: The literature lacks studies that confirm whether the improved radiographic alignment that can be achieved with computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty improves patients' activities of daily living or the durability of total knee prostheses. The purpose of this study was to determine whether computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty improves the clinical function, alignment, and survivorship of the components. Methods: We prospectively compared the results of 520 patients with osteoarthritis who underwent computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty for one knee and conventional total knee arthroplasty for the other. The assignment of the knee to navigation or not was done randomly. There were 452 women (904 knees) and sixty-eight men (136 knees) with a mean age of sixty-eight years (range, forty-nine to eighty-eight years) at the time of the index arthroplasty. The mean follow-up period was 10.8 years (range, ten to twelve years). The patients were assessed clinically and radiographically with the rating system of the Knee Society and with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score at three months, one year, and annually thereafter. Results: Total knee scores, knee function scores, pain scores, WOMAC scores, knee motion, and activity scores did not show statistically significant differences between the two groups preoperatively or at the time of the final follow-up. Alignment and the survivorship of the components were not significantly different between the two groups. The Kaplan-Meier survivorship with revision as the end point at 10.8 years was 98.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.96 to 1.00) in the computernavigated total knee arthroplasty group and 99.2% (95% CI, 0.96 to 1.00) in the conventional total knee arthroplasty group. Conclusions: Our data demonstrated no difference in clinical function or alignment and survivorship of the components between the knees that underwent computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty and those that underwent conventional total knee arthroplasty. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Copyright © 2012 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.
DOI
10.2106/JBJS.L.00142
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의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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