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Geochemistry and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic constraints on the petrogenesis of Cenozoic lavas from the Pali Aike and Morro Chico area (52°S), southern Patagonia, South America

Title
Geochemistry and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic constraints on the petrogenesis of Cenozoic lavas from the Pali Aike and Morro Chico area (52°S), southern Patagonia, South America
Authors
Choo M.K.Lee M.J.Lee J.I.Kim K.H.Park K.-H.
Ewha Authors
김규한
SCOPUS Author ID
김규한scopusscopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
Island Arc
ISSN
1038-4871JCR Link
Citation
vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 327 - 350
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Geochemical and isotopic analyses (Sr-Nd-Pb) of late Miocene to Quaternary plateau lavas from the Pali Aike and Morro Chico areas (52°S) were undertaken to constrain the melting processes and mantle sources that contributed to magma generation and the geodynamic evolution of southernmost Patagonia, South America. The Pali Aike and Morro Chico lavas are alkaline (Pali Aike, 45-49wt.% SiO2; 4.3-5.9wt.% Na2O+K2O) and subalkaline (Morro Chico, 50.5-50.8wt.% SiO2; 4.0-4.4wt.% Na2O+K2O), relatively primitive (Pali Aike, 9.5-13.7wt.% MgO; Morro Chico, 7.6-8.8wt.% MgO) mafic volcanic rocks that have typical intraplate ocean island basalt-like signatures. Incompatible trace element ratios and isotopic ratios of the Pali Aike and Morro Chico lavas differ from those of the majority of Neogene southern Patagonian slab window lavas in showing more enriched characteristics and are similar to high-μ (HIMU)-like basalts. The rare earth element (REE) modeling to constrain mantle melting percentages suggests that these lavas were produced by low degrees of partial melting (1.0-2.0% for Pali Aike lavas and about 2.6-2.7% for Morro Chico lavas) of a garnet lherzolite mantle source. The major systematic variations of Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes in southern Patagonian lavas are related to geographic location. The Pali Aike and Morro Chico lavas from the southernmost part of Patagonia have lower 87Sr/86Sr and higher 143Nd/144Nd and 206Pb/204Pb ratios, relative to most of the southern Patagonian lavas erupted north of 49.5°S, pointing to a HIMU-like signature. An isotopically depleted and HIMU-like asthenospheric domain may have been the main source of magmas in the southernmost part of Patagonia (e.g. Pali Aike, Morro Chico, and Camusu Aike volcanic field), suggesting the presence of a major discontinuity in the isotopic composition of the asthenosphere in southern Patagonia. On the basis of geochemical and isotope data and the available geological and geotectonic reconstructions, a link between the HIMU asthenospheric mantle domain beneath southernmost Patagonia and the HIMU mega-province of the southwestern Pacific Ocean is proposed. © 2012 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
DOI
10.1111/iar.12002
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 과학교육과 > Journal papers
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