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Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of community-acquired severe sepsis and septic shock: A prospective observational study in 12 university hospitals in Korea

Title
Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of community-acquired severe sepsis and septic shock: A prospective observational study in 12 university hospitals in Korea
Authors
Park D.W.Chunx B.C.Kim J.M.Sohn J.W.Peck K.R.Kim Y.S.Choi Y.H.Choi J.Y.Kim S.I.Eom J.S.Kim H.Y.Song J.H.Song Y.G.Choi H.J.Kim M.J.
Ewha Authors
최희정
SCOPUS Author ID
최희정scopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
Journal of Korean Medical Science
ISSN
1011-8934JCR Link
Citation
vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 1308 - 1314
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
A prospective multicenter observational study was performed to investigate the epidemiology and outcomes of community-acquired severe sepsis and septic shock. Subjects included 1,192 adult patients admitted to the 22 participating intensive care units (ICUs) of 12 university hospitals in the Korean Sepsis Registry System from April, 2005 through February, 2009. Male accounted for 656 (55%) patients. Mean age was 65.0 ± 14.2 yr. Septic shock developed in 740 (62.1%) patients. Bacteremia was present in 422 (35.4%) patients. The 28-day and in-hospital mortality rates were 23.0% and 28.0%, respectively. Men were more likely to have comorbid illnesses and acute organ dysfunctions, and had higher mortality and clinical severity compared to women. While respiratory sources of sepsis were common in men, urinary sources were predominant in women. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, cancer (odds ratio 1.89; 95% confidence interval 1.13-3.17), urinary tract infection (0.25; 0.13-0.46), APACHE II score (1.05; 1.02-1.09), SOFA score on day 1 (1.13; 1.06-1.21) and metabolic dysfunction (2.24, 1.45-3.45) were independent clinical factors for gender-related in-hospital mortality. This study provided epidemiological and clinical characteristics of community-acquired severe sepsis and septic shock in ICUs in Korea, and demonstrated the impact of clinical factors on gender difference in mortality. © 2012 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2012.27.11.1308
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의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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