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Attenuation of indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal injury by prophylactic administration of sake yeast-derived thioredoxin
- Attenuation of indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal injury by prophylactic administration of sake yeast-derived thioredoxin
- Nakajima A.; Fukui T.; Takahashi Y.; Kishimoto M.; Yamashina M.; Nakayama S.; Sakaguchi Y.; Yoshida K.; Uchida K.; Nishio A.; Yodoi J.; Okazaki K.
- Ewha Authors
- Junji Yodoi
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Journal of Gastroenterology
- Journal of Gastroenterology vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 978 - 987
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Background Indomethacin is one of the group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which often cause gastric mucosal injury as a side effect. Infiltration and activation of inflammatory cells, production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines, generation of reactive oxygen species, and activation of apoptotic signaling are involved in the pathogenesis of indomethacin-induced gastric injury. We examined whether sake yeast-derived thioredoxin (a small redox-active protein with anti-oxidative activity and various redox-regulating functions) reduced indomethacin-induced gastric injury. Methods Gastric injury was produced by the intraperitoneal administration of indomethacin (40 mg/kg body weight) to C57BL/6 mice. Prior to the administration of indomethacin, the mice were offered food pellets containing non-genetically modified sake yeast-derived thioredoxin (thioredoxin 200 lg/g) for 3 days. Histological examinations, assessment of myeloperoxidase activity, and analysis of the gene expressions of proinflammatory cytokines and a chemokine (interleukin [IL]-1b, IL-6, and CXCL1) were statistically evaluated. Indomethacin cytotoxicity was determined by lactate dehydrogenase release from murine gastric epithelial GSM06 cells induced by 24-h treatment with 200 and 400 lM indomethacin after 1-h preincubation with 100 lg/ml sake yeast-derived thioredoxin. Results Macroscopic (edema, hemorrhage, and ulcers) and histological (necrosis, submucosal edema, neutrophil infiltration) findings induced by indomethacin were significantly reduced by pretreatment with food pellets containing thioredoxin. Gastric myeloperoxidase activity and the gene expressions of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1b and IL-6) were also significantly reduced by this pretreatment compared with findings in the mice not pretreated with thioredoxin-containing food pellets. The administration of sake yeast-derived thioredoxin significantly reduced indomethacin-induced cytotoxicity in GSM06 cells. Conclusions We conclude that oral administration of sake yeast-derived thioredoxin reduces indomethacininduced gastric injury. Sake yeast-derived thioredoxin may have therapeutic potential against indomethacin-induced gastric injury. © 2012 The Author(s).
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