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Influence of full-time intensivist and the nurse-to-patient ratio on the implementation of severe sepsis bundles in Korean intensive care units

Title
Influence of full-time intensivist and the nurse-to-patient ratio on the implementation of severe sepsis bundles in Korean intensive care units
Authors
Kim J.H.Hong S.-K.Kim K.C.Lee M.-G.Lee K.M.Jung S.S.Choi H.S.Lee J.H.Jung K.-S.Lee S.-S.Cho J.H.Koh S.O.Park M.S.Seo K.W.Koh Y.
Ewha Authors
이진화
SCOPUS Author ID
이진화scopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
Journal of Critical Care
ISSN
0883-9441JCR Link
Citation
vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 41400000000000 - 4.1400000000000002E+23
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Purpose: The reported actual compliance for severe sepsis bundles was very low, suggesting the presence of barriers to their implementation. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of full-time intensivist and nurse-to-patient ratio in Korean intensive care units (ICUs) on the implementation of the severe sepsis bundles and clinical outcome. Materials and Methods: A total of 251 patients with severe sepsis were enrolled from 28 adult ICUs during the July, 2009. We recorded the organizational characteristics of ICUs, patients' characteristics and clinical outcomes, and the compliance for severe sepsis bundles. Results: Complete compliance with the resuscitation bundle and totally complete compliance with all element targets for resuscitation and management bundles were significantly higher in the ICU with full-time intensivist and a nurse-to-patient ratio of 1:2 (P < .05). The hazard ratio (HR) for hospital mortality was independently reduced by the presence of full-time intensivist (HR, 0.456; 95% confidence interval, 0.223-0.932), and a nurse-to-patient ratio of 1:2 was independently associated with a lower 28-day mortality (HR, 0.459; 95% confidence interval, 0.211-0.998). Conclusions: The full-time intensivist and the nurse-to-patient ratio had a substantial influence on the implementation of severe sepsis bundles and the mortalities of patients with severe sepsis. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
DOI
10.1016/j.jcrc.2012.03.010
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의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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