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Structural origins for the loss of catalytic activities of bifunctional human LTA4H revealed through molecular dynamics simulations

Title
Structural origins for the loss of catalytic activities of bifunctional human LTA4H revealed through molecular dynamics simulations
Authors
Thangapandian S.John S.Lazar P.Choi S.Lee K.W.
Ewha Authors
최선
SCOPUS Author ID
최선scopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
PLoS ONE
ISSN
1932-6203JCR Link
Citation
vol. 7, no. 7
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Human leukotriene A4 hydrolase (hLTA4H), which is the final and rate-limiting enzyme of arachidonic acid pathway, converts the unstable epoxide LTA4 to a proinflammatory lipid mediator LTB4 through its hydrolase function. The LTA4H is a bi-functional enzyme that also exhibits aminopeptidase activity with a preference over arginyl tripeptides. Various mutations including E271Q, R563A, and K565A have completely or partially abolished both the functions of this enzyme. The crystal structures with these mutations have not shown any structural changes to address the loss of functions. Molecular dynamics simulations of LTA4 and tripeptide complex structures with functional mutations were performed to investigate the structural and conformation changes that scripts the observed differences in catalytic functions. The observed protein-ligand hydrogen bonds and distances between the important catalytic components have correlated well with the experimental results. This study also confirms based on the structural observation that E271 is very important for both the functions as it holds the catalytic metal ion at its location for the catalysis and it also acts as N-terminal recognition residue during peptide binding. The comparison of binding modes of substrates revealed the structural changes explaining the importance of R563 and K565 residues and the required alignment of substrate at the active site. The results of this study provide valuable information to be utilized in designing potent hLTA4H inhibitors as anti-inflammatory agents. © 2012 Thangapandian et al.
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0041063
Appears in Collections:
약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal papers
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