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Retrospective analysis of the natural history of atopic dermatitis occurring in the first year of life in Korean children

Title
Retrospective analysis of the natural history of atopic dermatitis occurring in the first year of life in Korean children
Authors
Chung Y.Kwon J.H.Kim J.Han Y.Lee S.-I.Ahn K.
Ewha Authors
권정현
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
Journal of Korean Medical Science
ISSN
1011-8934JCR Link
Citation
vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 723 - 728
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
This study was financially supported by the Ministry of Environment, Republic of Korea Government. The aim of this study was to analyze the natural history of atopic dermatitis (AD) and the risk factors associated with the remission of AD in Korean children. We enrolled 597 children with AD that occurred in the first year of life. A variety of factors influencing the prognosis were assessed by medical records and telephone interviews. Their outcome was classified into complete remission, intermittent, and persistent AD. AD had completely disappeared in 422 cases (70.6%), while 149 (25%) and 26 cases (4.4%) showed intermittent and persistent skin symptoms, respectively. The average healing time was 29.6 months in complete remission group and expected healing time of the AD was 60 months. None of risk factors were significant by multivariate analysis. But, in moderate-to-severe AD group, maternal diet restriction during lactation (P = 0.046) and no sensitization to cow's milk (P = 0.017) were significantly associated with remission of AD in the multivariate analysis. In conclusion, AD occurring in the first year of life disappears in a significant proportion of patients. In addition, in Korean children with moderate-to-severe AD, maternal diet restriction of allergenic food during lactation and sensitization to cow's milk seem to predict the prognosis of AD. © 2012 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2012.27.7.723
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의료원 > 의료원 > Journal papers
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