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Compound mutations of PEO1 and TYMP in a progressive external ophthalmoplegia patient with incomplete mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy phenotype
- Compound mutations of PEO1 and TYMP in a progressive external ophthalmoplegia patient with incomplete mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy phenotype
- Nakhro K.; Chung K.W.; Kim S.-M.; Sunwoo I.-N.; Cho E.M.; Park S.W.; Hwang J.H.; Choi B.-O.
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Genes and Genomics
- vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 431 - 437
- SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- The Mendelian inherited progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO) and mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) are genetically heterogeneous mitochondrial diseases caused by nuclear-mitochondrial intergenomic defects. The PEO1 and TYMP nuclear genes are closely related in the machinery of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication. Mutations in PEO1 and TYMP genes usually cause autosomal dominant PEO, and autosomal recessive MNGIE. We identified a PEO family of Korean origin with additional phenotype of incomplete MNGIE symptom (Family ID: MT16). The entire mitochondrial genome and all coding exons of PEO1, TYMP, ANT1, POLG1, POLG2, DGUOK, and TK2 nuclear genes were sequenced. Clinical information was obtained through history taking, physical examinations, clinical observations, and electrophysiological investigations. Muscle biopsy of left biceps brachii and shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were undertaken. We found two heterozygous mutations, Arg374Gln in PEO1 and Glu106Gln in TYMP from the proband who showed complex phenotypes of a typical PEO and late-onset incomplete MNGIE. The PEO1 Arg374Gln has been reported in several PEO patients, but TYMP Glu106Gln has not been reported. Neither large deletion nor causative point mutations were observed in the mtDNA. We suggest that the heterozygous TYMP mutation might affect complex phenotypes as a secondary genetic cause in the co-presence of PEO1 mutation. © The Genetics Society of Korea and Springer 2011.
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