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Limits on dark radiation, early dark energy, and relativistic degrees of freedom

Title
Limits on dark radiation, early dark energy, and relativistic degrees of freedom
Authors
Calabrese E.Huterer D.Linder E.V.Melchiorri A.Pagano L.
Ewha Authors
Eric V. Linder
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
ISSN
1550-7998JCR Link
Citation
vol. 83, no. 12
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Recent cosmological data analyses hint at the presence of an extra relativistic energy component in the early universe. This component is often parametrized as an excess of the effective neutrino number Neff over the standard value of 3.046. The excess relativistic energy could be an indication for an extra (sterile) neutrino, but early dark energy and barotropic dark energy also contribute to the relativistic degrees of freedom. We examine the capabilities of current and future data to constrain and discriminate between these explanations, and to detect the early dark energy density associated with them. We find that while early dark energy does not alter the current constraints on Neff, a dark radiation component, such as that provided by barotropic dark energy models, can substantially change current constraints on Neff, bringing its value back to agreement with the theoretical prediction. Both dark energy models also have implications for the primordial mass fraction of Helium Yp and the scalar perturbation index ns. The ongoing Planck satellite mission will be able to further discriminate between sterile neutrinos and early dark energy. © 2011 American Physical Society.
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevD.83.123504
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자연과학대학 > 물리학전공 > Journal papers
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