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Pyridinolysis of 2,4-dinitrophenyl phenyl thionocarbonate: Effect of changing electrophilic center from c=o to c=s on reactivity and mechanism
- Pyridinolysis of 2,4-dinitrophenyl phenyl thionocarbonate: Effect of changing electrophilic center from c=o to c=s on reactivity and mechanism
- Son M.J.; Kim S.-I.; Um I.-H.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
- vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 1165 - 1169
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Second-order rate constants (kN) have been measured spectrophotometrically for nucleophilic substitution reactions of 2,4-dinitrophenyl phenyl thionocarbonate 4 with a series of Z-substituted pyridines in 80 mol % H 2O/20 mol % DMSO at 25.0 ± 0.1 oC. The Brønsted-type plot for the reactions of 4 exhibits downward curvature (i.e., β1 = 0.21 and β2 = 1.04), indicating that the reactions proceed through a stepwise mechanism with a change in rate-determining step. It has been found that 4 is less reactive than its oxygen analogue, 2,4- dinitrophenyl phenyl carbonate 3, although the thionocarbonate is expected to be more electrophilic than its oxygen analogue. The pKa° at the center of the Brønsted curvature, defined as pKa o, has been analyzed to be 6.6 for the reactions of 4 and 8.5 for those of 3. Dissection of k N into the microscopic rate constants k1 and k 2/k-1 ratio has revealed that the reactions of 4 result in smaller k1 values but larger k2/k-1 ratios than the corresponding reactions of 3. The larger k2/k-1 ratios have been concluded to be responsible for the smaller pKa° found for the reactions of 4.
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