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Treatment based on the type of infected TKA improves infection control

Treatment based on the type of infected TKA improves infection control
Kim Y.-H.Choi Y.Kim J.-S.
Ewha Authors
김영후scopus; 김준식scopus
Issue Date
Journal Title
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
0009-921XJCR Link
vol. 469, no. 4, pp. 977 - 984
Background: A classification system with four types of infected TKAs has been commonly used to determine treatment, especially with regard to whether the prosthesis should be removed or retained. Questions/purposes: We asked whether (1) the classification-dictated treatment of the four types of infection after TKA would control infection and maintain functional TKA; (2) repeated débridement and two-stage TKA would further improve the infection control rate after initial treatment; and (3) fixation of TKA prosthesis to the host bone was achieved. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 114 patients with 116 infected TKAs. We determined the infection control rate after initial treatment, repeated débridement and two-stage TKA. We evaluated the functional and radiographic results using the Knee Society and Hospital for Special Surgery knee scoring systems. The minimum followup was 2 years (mean, 5.6 years; range, 2-8 years). Results: The overall infection control rate was 100% in all patients. All patients with early superficial postoperative infection, 94% of patients with early deep postoperative infection, 96% of patients with late chronic infection, and 86% of patients with acute hematogenous infection maintained functioning knee prosthesis at the final followup. One hundred nine of the 114 patients could walk with no or only slight pain and maintained functioning knee prostheses. These 109 patients had stable fixation of the TKA prosthesis to host bone. Conclusions: The techniques proposed by the classification effectively controlled infection and maintained functional TKA with firm fixation of the TKA prosthesis in most patients. Repeated débridement and two-stage TKA further improved the control of infection and functional TKA after initial treatment. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. © The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2010.
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