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Epidemiological features of Kawasaki disease in Korea, 2006-2008

Title
Epidemiological features of Kawasaki disease in Korea, 2006-2008
Authors
Park Y.W.Han J.W.Hong Y.M.Ma J.S.Cha S.H.Kwon T.C.Lee S.B.Kim C.H.Lee J.S.
Ewha Authors
홍영미
SCOPUS Author ID
홍영미scopus
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Pediatrics International
ISSN
1328-8067JCR Link
Citation
vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 36 - 39
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Background: The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and describe the epidemiological characteristics of Kawasaki disease among children in Korea. Methods: Questionnaires for surveying the epidemiology of Kawasaki disease were distributed to a total of 101 hospitals that conduct pediatric residency programs. Then, we retrospectively obtained the data, which covered a three-year period (2006-2008) and analyzed them. Results: During the three-year study period, a total of 9039 cases of Kawasaki disease were reported from 84 hospitals (response rate, 83.2%), comprising 5375 boys and 3664 girls (male: female ratio, 1.47:1). The outbreak rate per 100 000 children <5 years old was 108.7 in 2006, 118.3 in 2007 and 112.5 in 2008 (average rate, 113.1). The seasonal distribution showed a slightly higher incidence rate in winter and summer. The patients' mean age of onset was 32.6 months, while the proportions of sibling cases and recurrent cases were 0.17% and 2.2%, respectively. Coronary arterial abnormalities were detected during follow up by echocardiogram in 17.5% of all cases including dilatations (16.4%) and aneurysms (2.1%). Conclusions: The average annual incidence rate of Kawasaki disease in Korea has been continuously increasing, and reached 113.1/100 000 children <5 years old, which is the second highest rate in the world. © 2011 Japan Pediatric Society.
DOI
10.1111/j.1442-200X.2010.03178.x
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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