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Etiology of invasive bacterial infections in immunocompetent children in Korea (1996-2005): A retrospective multicenter study
- Etiology of invasive bacterial infections in immunocompetent children in Korea (1996-2005): A retrospective multicenter study
- Lee J.-H.; Cho H.K.; Kim K.-H.; Kim C.H.; Kim D.S.; Kim K.N.; Cha S.-H.; Oh S.H.; Hur J.K.; Kang J.H.; Kim J.H.; Kim Y.-K.; Hong Y.J.; Chung E.H.; Park S.-E.; Choi Y.Y.; Kim J.S.; Kim H.M.; Choi E.H.; Lee H.J.
- Ewha Authors
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- Journal of Korean Medical Science
- Journal of Korean Medical Science vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 174 - 183
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
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- The purpose of this study was to identify the major etiological agents responsible for invasive bacterial infections in immunocompetent Korean children. We retrospectively surveyed invasive bacterial infections in immunocompetent children caused by eight major pediatric bacteria, namely Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella species that were diagnosed at 18 university hospitals from 1996 to 2005. A total of 768 cases were identified. S. agalactiae (48.1%) and S. aureus (37.2%) were the most common pathogens in infants younger than 3 months. S. agalactiae was a common cause of meningitis (73.0%), bacteremia without localization (34.0%), and arthritis (50%) in this age group. S. pneumoniae (45.3%) and H. influenzae (20.4%) were common in children aged 3 months to 5 yr. S. pneumoniae was a common cause of meningitis (41.6%), bacteremia without localization (40.0%), and bacteremic pneumonia (74.1%) in this age group. S. aureus (50.6%), Salmonella species (16.9%), and S. pneumoniae (16.3%) were common in older children. A significant decline in H. influenzae infections over the last 10 yr was noted. S. agalactiae, S. pneumoniae, and S. aureus are important pathogens responsible for invasive bacterial infections in Korean children. © 2011 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.
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