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Structural basis for proficient incorporation of dTTP opposite O 6-methylguanine by human DNA polymerase ι

Title
Structural basis for proficient incorporation of dTTP opposite O 6-methylguanine by human DNA polymerase ι
Authors
Pence M.G.Choi J.-Y.Egli M.Guengerich P.
Ewha Authors
최정윤
Issue Date
2010
Journal Title
Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN
0021-9258JCR Link
Citation
vol. 285, no. 52, pp. 40666 - 40672
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
O6-Methylguanine (O6-methylG) is highly mutagenic and is commonly found in DNA exposed to methylating agents, even physiological ones (e.g. S-adenosylmethionine). The efficiency of a truncated, catalytic DNA polymerase ι core enzyme was determined for nucleoside triphosphate incorporation opposite O6-methylG, using steady-state kinetic analyses. The results presented here corroborate previous work from this laboratory using full-length pol ι, which showed that dTTP incorporation occurs with high efficiency opposite O6-methylG. Misincorporation of dTTP opposite O6-methylG occurred with ∼6-fold higher efficiency than incorporation of dCTP. Crystal structures of the truncated form of pol ι with O6-methylG as the template base and incoming dCTP or dTTP were solved and showed that O6-methylG is rotated into the syn conformation in the pol ι active site and that dTTP misincorporation by pol ι is the result of Hoogsteen base pairing with the adduct. Both dCTP and dTTP base paired with the Hoogsteen edge of O6-methylG. A single, short hydrogen bond formed between the N3 atom of dTTP and the N7 atom of O 6-methylG. Protonation of the N3 atom of dCTP and bifurcation of the N3 hydrogen between the N7 and O6 atoms of O6-methylG allow base pairing of the lesion with dCTP. We conclude that differences in the Hoogsteen hydrogen bonding between nucleotides is the main factor in the preferential selectivity of dTTP opposite O6-methylG by human pol ι, in contrast to the mispairing modes observed previously for O 6-methylG in the structures of the model DNA polymerases Sulfolobus solfataricus Dpo4 and Bacillus stearothermophilus DNA polymerase I. © 2010 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
DOI
10.1074/jbc.M110.183665
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의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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