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Risk factors for device-associated infection related to organisational characteristics of intensive care units: Findings from the Korean Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System

Title
Risk factors for device-associated infection related to organisational characteristics of intensive care units: Findings from the Korean Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System
Authors
Kwak Y.G.Lee S.-O.Kim H.Y.Kim Y.K.Park E.S.Jin H.Y.Choi H.J.Jeong S.Y.Kim E.S.Ki H.K.Kim S.R.Lee J.Y.Hong H.K.Kim S.Lee Y.S.Oh H.-B.Kim J.M.
Ewha Authors
최희정
SCOPUS Author ID
최희정scopus
Issue Date
2010
Journal Title
Journal of Hospital Infection
ISSN
0195-6701JCR Link
Citation
vol. 75, no. 3, pp. 195 - 199
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Device-associated infections (DAIs) have been the major causes of morbidity and mortality of patients in intensive care units (ICUs). This study evaluated the risk factors for DAIs in ICUs. Ninety-six medical or surgical ICUs of 56 hospitals participated in the Korean Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System between July 2007 and June 2008. The occurrence of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CABSI), and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) were monitored and DAI rates were calculated. Data associated with ICU characteristics were collected and Poisson regression was used for statistical analysis. Rates of CAUTI, CABSI, and VAP were 3.87 per 1000 urinary catheter days, 2.23 per 1000 central line days, and 1.89 per 1000 mechanical ventilator days, respectively. Rates of CAUTI were higher in ICUs in Seoul (P=0.032) and ICUs of major teaching hospitals (P=0.010). The ICUs of university-affiliated hospitals showed lower CAUTI rates (P=0.013). CABSI rates were higher in Seoul (P=0.001) and in medical ICUs (P=0.026). VAP rates were lower in ICUs of hospitals with more than 900 beds compared with hospitals with 400-699 beds (P=0.026). VAP rates were higher in surgical ICUs (P<0.0001) and increased 1.13-fold with each 100-unit increase in beds per infection control professional (P=0.003). The organisational and institutional characteristics of ICUs may influence DAI rates and there is a need for improvement in the incidence of VAP, CAUTI or CABSI. © 2010.
DOI
10.1016/j.jhin.2010.01.014
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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