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Earthworm cast as a promising filter bed material and its methanotrophic contribution to methane removal

Title
Earthworm cast as a promising filter bed material and its methanotrophic contribution to methane removal
Authors
Moon K.-E.Lee S.-Y.Lee S.H.Ryu H.W.Cho K.-S.
Ewha Authors
조경숙이상현
SCOPUS Author ID
조경숙scopus
Issue Date
2010
Journal Title
Journal of Hazardous Materials
ISSN
0304-3894JCR Link
Citation
vol. 176, no. 41277, pp. 131 - 138
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
The use of biocovers is a promising strategy toward mitigating CH4 emission from smaller and/or older landfills. In this study, a filter bed material consisting of a mixture of earthworm cast and rice paddy soil in a biocover was evaluated. Although the CH4 oxidation rate of the enriched paddy soil was 4.9 μg g-dry soil-1 h-1, it was enhanced to 25.1 μg g-dry soil-1 h-1 by adding an earthworm cast with a 3:7 ratio of earthworm cast:soil (wet weight). CO2 was found as the final oxidation product of CH4, and the mole ratio of CO2 production to CH4 consumption was 0.27. At a moisture content range of 15-40% and a temperature range of 20-40 °C, the CH4 oxidation rates of the enriched mixture were more than 57% of the maximum rate obtained at 25% moisture content and 25 °C. By denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis employing primers for the universal bacterial 16S rRNA gene, and terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis using primers for the pmoA gene, the bacterial and methanotrophic communities in the enriched mixture were mainly originate from paddy soil and earthworm cast, respectively. Both type I (mainly Methylocaldum) and type II methanotrophs (mainly Methylocystis) played important roles in CH4 oxidation in the enriched mixture. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.11.007
Appears in Collections:
엘텍공과대학 > 환경공학전공 > Journal papers
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