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Does the presence of a smoking cessation clinical trial affect staff practices related to smoking?

Title
Does the presence of a smoking cessation clinical trial affect staff practices related to smoking?
Authors
Chun J.Guydish J.R.Delucchi K.
Ewha Authors
전종설
SCOPUS Author ID
전종설scopus
Issue Date
2009
Journal Title
Journal of Drug Issues
ISSN
0022-0426JCR Link
Citation
vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 385 - 400
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
This study investigated whether organizational changes occurred when nicotine treatments were tested in specialty care clinics. Two intervention clinics (one drug treatment and one HIV-care) participated in clinical trials for nicotine treatment. Three clinics (two drug and one HIV-care) were control clinics. Staff in the intervention clinics (n=57) and in the control clinics (n=62) were surveyed at baseline and 18 months later. Staff surveys concerned nicotine-related knowledge, beliefs about treating smoking, self-efficacy in delivering such treatment, nicotine related practices, and barriers to providing nicotine treatment. Mean scale scores at 18 months were no different in clinics participating in the clinical trials from the control group for any of the five scales (knowledge, practices, barriers, efficacy, and beliefs). The presence of a smoking cessation clinical trial did not influence staff knowledge, attitudes, or practices related to smoking in these clinics. More specific organizational intervention may influence staff practices related to addressing smoking among clients in drug treatment and HIV-care clinics. © 2009 by the Journal of Drug Issues.
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사회과학대학 > 사회복지학전공 > Journal papers
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