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The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T gene mutation is associated with hyperhomocysteinemia, cardiovascular disease and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide levels in Korea
- The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T gene mutation is associated with hyperhomocysteinemia, cardiovascular disease and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide levels in Korea
- Sung E.C.; Ki S.H.; Gil J.S.; Wha S.C.
- Ewha Authors
- 신길자; 홍기숙; 정화순
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 신길자; 홍기숙; 정화순
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
- Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 1070 - 1075
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Background: Hyperhomocysteinemia is known to be a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and is associated with a common mutation in the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene (677 C > T). The aims of this study were to confirm: 1) the association between the MTHFR C677T mutation and plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels; 2) the MTHFR C677T mutation as a risk factor; 3) the association of the MTHFR C677T mutation and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels; and 4) the correlation between Hcy and BNP levels in cardiovascular diseases. Methods: A total of 227 patients for whom BNP was measured were enrolled in this study. Laboratory parameters included BNP, creatine kinase (CK), the myocardial isoenzyme of CK (CK-MB), troponin I (TnI), Hcy, C-reactive protein (CRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatinine and folate. The MTHFR genotype was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) was shown by an electrophoretic technique. Results: The prevalence of TT homozygotes was significantly higher in patients with cardiovascular diseases than in patients without cardiovascular diseases (p = 0.0001). Patients homozygous for the TT mutation had the highest plasma Hcy levels compared with wild-type CC homozygotes and CT mutant heterozygotes (p = 0.0001). Plasma BNP concentrations were significantly higher in patients with MTHFR C677T mutation compared to patients without the mutation (p < 0.05). Plasma BNP concentrations were positively correlated with Hcy concentrations (r = 0.196, p < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that elevated concentrations of BNP, CRP, Hcy and the presence of the MTHFR C677T mutation independently contributed to the prediction of cardiovascular diseases. Conclusions: In cardiovascular diseases, the MTHFR C677T mutation: 1) is associated with plasma Hcy levels; 2) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, 3) is associated with plasma BNP levels, and 4) plasma Hcy levels are positively correlated with plasma BNP levels. © 2006 by Walter de Gruyter.
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