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Inhibitory effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus lysates on the cytotoxic activity of shiga-like toxin 2 produced from Escherichia coli O157:H7
- Inhibitory effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus lysates on the cytotoxic activity of shiga-like toxin 2 produced from Escherichia coli O157:H7
- Kim Y.; Han K.-S.; Imm J.-Y.; Oh S.; You S.; Park S.; Kim S.-H.
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Letters in Applied Microbiology
- vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 502 - 507
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Aims: The purpose of this study was to characterize the degree to which four cell lysates obtained from Lactobacillus acidophilus strains affected the cytotoxic activity of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in vitro and in vivo. Methods and Results: In a cytotoxic inhibition test that used 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)- 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and toxin-binding ELISA assays, the activity of shiga-like toxin 2 (Stx-2) was inhibited profoundly by the cell lysates (10 mg ml-1) from two strains of L. acidophilus A4 and 30SC (>85% of survival rates compared with the control) among the five strains tested. In particular, a significant decline in the virulence level of E. coli O157:H7, under the presence of the cell lysates of L. acidophilus A4, was observed by killing assay of Caenorhabditis elegans in vivo model. Conclusions: According to our results, L. acidophilus strains might be capable of attenuating the virulence of Stx-2 produced from E. coli O157:H7. Significance and Impact of the Study: The cell lysates of L. acidophilus can be applied to a variety of foods, and can be used as adjuncts for the inhibition of Stx-2-mediated cytotoxicity. © 2006 The Authors.
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