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Academic performance of Korean children is associated with dietary behaviours and physical status

Title
Academic performance of Korean children is associated with dietary behaviours and physical status
Authors
Kim H.-Y.P.Frongillo E.A.Han S.-S.Oh S.-Y.Kim W.-K.Jang Y.-A.Won H.-S.Lee H.-S.Kim S.-H.
Ewha Authors
김숙희
SCOPUS Author ID
김숙희scopusscopus
Issue Date
2003
Journal Title
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
ISSN
0964-7058JCR Link
Citation
vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 186 - 192
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to obtain a fuller understanding of the association of dietary behaviours, physical status and socio-economic status with academic performance in Korean teenagers. The subjects in this study were 6,463 boys and girls, in grade 5, 8, and 11 in Korea. A self-administered questionnaire and the food-frequency form were used. Grade point average (GPA), height, weight, and physical fitness score for the year were recorded from the school record. The academic performance of students was strongly associated with dietary behaviours, especially with regularity of three meals even after control for parent's education level. Regular breakfast and lunch were more important in grades 5 and 8, while regular dinner was more related with academic performance in grade 11. Small, positive associations of height and physical fitness to academic performance were also found. The relative importance of regularity of meals was greater than that of socio-economic status and physical status in older teenagers. The results of this study suggest that accommodation of better dietary environment and nutrition education for three regular meals is recommended.
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신산업융합대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal papers
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