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Korean nationwide surveillance of antimicrobial resistance of bacteria in 1997
- Korean nationwide surveillance of antimicrobial resistance of bacteria in 1997
- Chong Y.; Lee K.; Park Y.J.; Jeon D.S.; Lee M.H.; Kim M.Y.; Chang C.H.; Kim E.-C.; Lee N.Y.; Kim H.-S.; Kang E.S.; Cho H.C.; Paik I.K.; Lee H.S.; Jang S.J.; Park A.J.; Cha Y.J.; Kang S.H.; Song W.; Shin J.H.
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Yonsei Medical Journal
- vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 569 - 577
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria are known to be prevalent in tertiary- care hospitals in Korea. Twenty hospitals participated to this surveillance to determine the nationwide prevalence of resistance bacteria in 1997. Seven per cent and 26% of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were resistant to 3rd-generation cephalosporin. Increased resistance rates, 19% of Acinetobacter baumannii to ampicillin/sulbactam, and 17% of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to imipenem, were noted. The resistance rate to fluoroquinolone rose to 24% in E. coli, 56% in A. baumannii and 42% in P. aeruginosa. Mean resistance rates were similar in all hospital groups: about 17% of P. aeruginosa to imipenem, 50% of Haemophilus influenzae to ampicillin, 70% of Staphylococcus aureus to methicillin, and 70% of pneumococci to penicillin. In conclusion, nosocomial pathogens and problem resistant organisms are prevalent in smaller hospitals too, indicating nosocomial spread is a significant cause of the increasing prevalence of resistant bacteria in Korea.
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