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Racial and Ethnic Socialization as Moderators of Racial Discrimination and School Adjustment of Adopted and Nonadopted Korean American Adolescents

Title
Racial and Ethnic Socialization as Moderators of Racial Discrimination and School Adjustment of Adopted and Nonadopted Korean American Adolescents
Authors
Seol, Kyoung OkYoo, Hyung CholLee, Richard M.Park, Ji EunKyeong, Yena
Ewha Authors
설경옥
SCOPUS Author ID
설경옥scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN
0022-0167JCR Link1939-2168JCR Link
Citation
vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 294 - 306
Keywords
racial socializationethnic socializationracial discriminationKorean Americansschool adjustment
Publisher
AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS
Abstract
This study investigated the roles of racial and ethnic socialization in the link between racial discrimination and school adjustment among a sample of 233 adopted Korean American adolescents from White adoptive families and 155 nonadopted Korean American adolescents from immigrant Korean families. Adopted Korean American adolescents reported lower levels of racial discrimination, racial socialization, and ethnic socialization than nonadopted Korean American adolescents. However, racial discrimination was negatively related to school belonging and school engagement, and ethnic socialization was positively related to school engagement for both groups. Racial socialization also had a curvilinear relationship with school engagement for both groups. A moderate level of racial socialization predicted positive school engagement, whereas low and high levels of racial socialization predicted negative school engagement. Finally, ethnic socialization moderated the link between racial discrimination and school belonging, which differed between groups. In particular, ethnic socialization exacerbated the relations between racial discrimination and school belonging for adopted Korean American adolescents, whereas ethnic socialization buffered this link for nonadopted Korean American adolescents. The findings illustrate the complex relationship between racial and ethnic socialization, racial discrimination, and school adjustment.
DOI
10.1037/cou0000120
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 심리학전공 > Journal papers
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