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Effect of Breastfeeding Duration on Cognitive Development in Infants: 3-Year Follow-up Study

Title
Effect of Breastfeeding Duration on Cognitive Development in Infants: 3-Year Follow-up Study
Authors
Lee, HyungminPark, HyewonHa, EunheeHong, Yun-ChulHa, MinaPark, HyesookKim, Bung-NyunLee, BoeunLee, Soo-JeongLee, Kyung YeonKim, Ja HyeongJeong, Kyoung SookKim, Yangho
Ewha Authors
하은희박혜숙
SCOPUS Author ID
하은희scopus; 박혜숙scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE
ISSN
1011-8934JCR Link1598-6357JCR Link
Citation
vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 579 - 584
Keywords
BreastfeedingKorean Bayley Scales of Infant Development II (K-BSID-II)Mental Development Index
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
We investigated the association between breastfeeding and cognitive development in infants during their first 3 years. The present study was a part of the Mothers' and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study, which was a multi-center birth cohort project in Korea that began in 2006. A total of 697 infants were tested at age 12, 24, and 36 months using the Korean version of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II (K-BSID-II). The use and duration of breastfeeding and formula feeding were measured. The relationship between breastfeeding and the mental development index (MDI) score was analyzed by multiple linear regression analysis. The results indicated a positive correlation between breastfeeding duration and MDI score. After adjusting for covariates, infants who were breastfed for >= 9 months had significantly better cognitive development than those who had not been breastfed. These results suggest that the longer duration of breastfeeding improves cognitive development in infants.
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2016.31.4.579
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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