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Atlantic-induced pan-tropical climate change over the past three decades

Title
Atlantic-induced pan-tropical climate change over the past three decades
Authors
Li, XichenXie, Shang-PingGille, Sarah T.Yoo, Changhyun
Ewha Authors
유창현
SCOPUS Author ID
유창현scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
ISSN
1758-678XJCR Link1758-6798JCR Link
Citation
vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 275 - +
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Indexed
SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
During the past three decades, tropical sea surface temperature (SST) has shown dipole-like trends, with warming over the tropical Atlantic and Indo-western Pacific but cooling over the eastern Pacific. Competing hypotheses relate this cooling, identified as a driver of the global warming hiatus(1,2), to the warming trends in either the Atlantic(3,4) or Indian Ocean(5). However, the mechanisms, the relative importance and the interactions between these teleconnections remain unclear. Using a state-of-the-art climate model, we show that the Atlantic plays a key role in initiating the tropical-wide teleconnection, and the Atlantic-induced anomalies contribute similar to 55-75% of the tropical SST and circulation changes during the satellite era. The Atlantic warming drives easterly wind anomalies over the Indo-western Pacific as Kelvin waves and westerly anomalies over the eastern Pacific as Rossby waves. The wind changes induce an Indo-western Pacific warming through the wind-evaporation-SST effect(6,7), and this warming intensifies the La Nina-type response in the tropical Pacific by enhancing the easterly trade winds and through the Bjerknes ocean dynamical processes(8). The teleconnection develops into a tropical-wide SST dipole pattern. This mechanism, supported by observations and a hierarchy of climate models, reveals that the tropical ocean basins are more tightly connected than previously thought.
DOI
10.1038/NCLIMATE2840
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일반대학원 > 대기과학공학과 > Journal papers
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