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Inhibition of p38 pathway-dependent MPTP-induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration in estrogen receptor alpha knockout mice
- Inhibition of p38 pathway-dependent MPTP-induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration in estrogen receptor alpha knockout mice
- Hwang, Chul Ju; Choi, Dong-Young; Jung, Yu Yeon; Lee, Young-Jung; Yun, Jae Suk; Oh, Ki-Wan; Han, Sang-Bae; Oh, Seikwan; Park, Mi Hee; Hong, Jin Tae
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- HORMONES AND BEHAVIOR
- 0018-506X; 1095-6867
- vol. 80, pp. 19 - 29
- Estrogen; Estrogen receptor alpha; MAO; P38; Parkinson's disease
- ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Approximately, 7-10 million people in the world suffer from Parkinson's disease (PD). Recently, increasing evidence has suggested the protective effect of estrogens against nigrostriatal dopaminergic damage in PD. In this study, we investigated whether estrogen affects 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPfP)-induced behavioral impairment in estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha)-deficient mice. MPTP (15 mg/kg, four times with 1.5-h interval)-induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration was evaluated in ER alpha wild-type (WT) and knockout (KO) mice. Larger dopamine depletion, behavioral impairments (Rotarod test, Pole test, and Gait test), activation of microglia and astrocytes, and neuroinflammation after MPTP injection were observed in ERa KO mice compared to those in WT mice. Immunostaining for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) after MPTP injection showed fewer TH-positive neurons in ER alpha. KO mice than WT mice. Levels of dopamine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC, metabolite of dopamine) were also lowered in ER alpha KO mice after MPTP injection. Interestingly, a higher immunoreactivity for monoamine oxidase (MAO) B was found in the substantia nigra and striatum of ER alpha KO mice after MPTP injection. We also found an increased activation of p38 kinase (which positively regulates MAO B expression) in ER alpha KO mice. In vitro estrogen treatment inhibited neuroinflammation in 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridium (MPP +)-treated cultured astrocyte cells; however, these inhibitory effects were removed by p38 inhibitor. These results indicate that ERa might be important for dopaminergic neuronal survival through inhibition of p38 pathway. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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