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Histomorphometric evaluation of onlay freeze-dried block bone and deproteinized bovine bone with collagen in rat

Title
Histomorphometric evaluation of onlay freeze-dried block bone and deproteinized bovine bone with collagen in rat
Authors
Jung, Gyu-UnHong, Seong-JinHong, Ji-YounPang, Eun-Kyoung
Ewha Authors
방은경
SCOPUS Author ID
방은경scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE
ISSN
1738-2696JCR Link
Citation
vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 70 - 77
Keywords
Human freeze dried corticocancellous bone blockDeproteinized bovine bone with collagenOnlay graftBone formationSpace maintenance
Publisher
KOREAN TISSUE ENGINEERING REGENERATIVE MEDICINE SOC
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of human freeze-dried bone block (FDBB) and deproteinized bovine bone with collagen (DBBC) on bone formation when applied as an onlay graft in rat calvariums. Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats received collagen sponge (control), FDBB, or DBBC onlay grafts trimmed into 8-mm disks measuring 4-mm height. Each graft was secured onto the calvarium surface using horizontal mattress sutures. Rats in each group were killed at 2 (n=5) or 8 (n=5) weeks postoperatively for histologic and histomorphometric analysis. The total augmented area (mm(2)), new bone area (mm(2)), and bone density (%) were measured. The FDBB and DBBC groups showed significantly more new bone formation and bone density than the control group at 2 and 8 weeks. The increased new bone area was significantly greater in the FDBB group than in the DBBC group (p < 0.05). The total augmented area was significantly higher in the FDBB and DBBC groups at 2 and 8 weeks than in the control group (p < 0.05), and at 8 weeks, the area was significantly decreased in the DBBC group compared to that in the FDBB group and the area at 2 weeks (p < 0.05). Within the limitations of the present study, we concluded that onlay FDBB and DBBC grafts caused new bone formation through an osteoconductive mechanism. In addition, compared to FDBB, DBBC had less capacity to form new bone and maintain the space.
DOI
10.1007/s13770-016-9021-0
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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