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An international systematic review of smoking prevalence in addiction treatment

Title
An international systematic review of smoking prevalence in addiction treatment
Authors
Guydish, JosephPassalacqua, EmmaPagano, AnnaMartinez, CristinaLe, ThaoChun, JongSerlTajima, BarbaraDocto, LindsayGarina, DariaDelucchi, Kevin
Ewha Authors
전종설
SCOPUS Author ID
전종설scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
ADDICTION
ISSN
0965-2140JCR Link1360-0443JCR Link
Citation
vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 220 - 230
Keywords
Addictionco-substance useglobal healthpriorityspecial populationssmokingsurveillance and monitoringtobacco
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
AimsSmoking prevalence is higher among people enrolled in addiction treatment compared with the general population, and very high rates of smoking are associated with opiate drug use and receipt of opiate replacement therapy (ORT). We assessed whether these findings are observed internationally. MethodsPubMed, PsycINFO and the Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Science Database were searched for papers reporting smoking prevalence among addiction treatment samples, published in English, from 1987 to 2013. Search terms included tobacco use, cessation and substance use disorders using and/or Boolean connectors. For 4549 papers identified, abstracts were reviewed by multiple raters; 239 abstracts met inclusion criteria and these full papers were reviewed for exclusion. Fifty-four studies, collectively comprising 37364 participants, were included. For each paper we extracted country, author, year, sample size and gender, treatment modality, primary drug treated and smoking prevalence. ResultsThe random-effect pooled estimate of smoking across people in addiction treatment was 84% [confidence interval (CI)=79, 88%], while the pooled estimate of smoking prevalence across matched population samples was 31% (CI=29, 33%). The difference in the pooled estimates was 52% (CI=48%, 57%, P<.0001). Smoking rates were higher in programs treating opiate use compared with alcohol use [odds ratio (OR)=2.52, CI=2.00, 3.17], and higher in ORT compared to out-patient programs (OR=1.42, CI=1.19, 1.68). ConclusionsSmoking rates among people in addiction treatment are more than double those of people with similar demographic characteristics. Smoking rates are also higher in people being treated for opiate dependence compared with people being treated for alcohol use disorder.
DOI
10.1111/add.13099
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사회과학대학 > 사회복지학전공 > Journal papers
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