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Effect of Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation on Hemiplegic Gait Patterns
- Effect of Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation on Hemiplegic Gait Patterns
- Shin, Yoon-Kyum; Chong, Hyun Ju; Kim, Soo Ji; Cho, Sung-Rae
- Ewha Authors
- 정현주; 김수지
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 정현주; 김수지
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL
- 0513-5796; 1976-2437
- vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 1703 - 1713
- Gait; rhythmic auditory stimulation; hemiplegia
- YONSEI UNIV COLL MEDICINE
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Purpose: The purpose of our study was to investigate the effect of gait gaining with rhythmic auditory stimulation (HAS) on both kinematic and temporospatial gait patterns in patients with hemiplegia. Materials and Methods: Eighteen hemiplegic patients diagnosed with either cerebral palsy or stroke participated in this study. All participants underwent the 4-week gait training with HAS. The treatment was performed for 30 minutes per each session, three sessions per week. HAS was provided with rhythmic beats using a chord progression on a keyboard. Kinematic and temporospatial data were collected and analyzed using a three-dimensional motion analysis system. Results: Gait training with HAS significantly improved both proximal and distal joint kinematic patterns in hip adduction, knee flexion, and ankle plantar flexion, enhancing the gait deviation index (GDI) as well as ameliorating temporal asymmetry of the stance and swing phases in patients with hemiplegia. Stroke patients with previous walking experience demonstrated significant kinematic improvement in knee flexion in mid-swing and ankle dorsiflexion in terminal stance. Among stroke patients, subacute patients showed a significantly increased GDI score compared with chronic patients. In addition, household ambulators showed a significant effect on reducing anterior tilt of the pelvis with an enhanced GDI score, while community ambulators significantly increased knee flexion in mid-swing phase and ankle dorsiflexion in terminal stance phase. Conclusion: Gait gaining with HAS has beneficial effects on both kinematic and temporospatial patterns in patients with hemiplegia, providing not only clinical implications of locomotor rehabilitation with goal-oriented external feedback using HAS but also differential effects according to ambulatory function.
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