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CCN1 acutely increases nitric oxide production via integrin alpha(v)beta(3)-Akt-S6K-phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase at the serine 1177 signaling axis
- CCN1 acutely increases nitric oxide production via integrin alpha(v)beta(3)-Akt-S6K-phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase at the serine 1177 signaling axis
- Hwang, Soojin; Lee, Hyeon-Ju; Kim, Gyungah; Won, Kyung-Jong; Park, Yoon Shin; Jo, Inho
- Ewha Authors
- 조인호; 이현주; 박윤신
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 조인호; 박윤신
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
- 0891-5849; 1873-4596
- vol. 89, pp. 229 - 240
- Endothelial nitric oxide synthase; Nitric oxide; Phosphorylation; CCN1; Integrin; Akt; S6K; Vasodilation; Free radicals
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Although CCN1 (also known as cysteine-rich, angiogenic inducer 61, CYR61) has been reported to promote angiogenesis and neovascularization in endothelial cells (ECs), its effects on endothelial nitric oxide (NO) production have never been studied. Using human umbilical vein ECs, we investigated whether and how CCN1 regulates NO production. CCN1 acutely increased NO production in a time- and dose-dependent manner, which was accompanied by increased phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) at serine 1177 (eNOS-Ser(1177)), but not that of eNOS-Thr(495) or eNOS-Ser(114). The level of total eNOS expression was unaltered. Treatment with either LY294002, a selective inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase known as an upstream kinase of Akt, or H-89, an inhibitor of protein kinase A, mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase 1. Rho-associated protein kinase 2, and ribosomal protein S6 kinase (S6K), inhibited CCNI-stimulated eNOS-Ser(1177) phosphorylation and subsequent NO production. Ectopic expression of small interfering RNA against Akt and S6K significantly inhibited the effects of CCN1. Consistently, CCN1 increased the phosphorylation of Akt-Ser(473) and S6K-Thr(389). However, CCN1 did not alter the expression or secretion of VEGF, a known downstream factor of CCN1 and a potential upstream factor of Akt-mediated eNOS-Ser(1177) phosphorylation. Furthermore, neutralization of integrin alpha(v)beta(3) with corresponding antibody completely reversed all of the observed effects of CCN1. Moreover, CCN1 increased acetylcholine-induced relaxation in the rat aortas. Finally, we also found that CCN1-stimulated eNOS-Ser(1177) phosphorylation and NO production are true for other types of EC tested. In conclusion, CCN1 acutely increases NO production via activation of a signaling axis in integrin alpha(v)beta(3)-Akt-S6K-eNOS-Ser(1177) phosphorylation, suggesting an important role for CCN1 in vasodilation. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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