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Phylogenetic Analysis of Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in South Korea and Migratory Bird Routes between China, South Korea, and Japan

Title
Phylogenetic Analysis of Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in South Korea and Migratory Bird Routes between China, South Korea, and Japan
Authors
Yun, YeojunHeo, Sang TaekKim, GwanghunHewson, RogerKim, HyeminPark, DaheeCho, Nam-HyukOh, Won SupRyu, Seong YeolKwon, Ki TaeMedlock, Jolyon M.Lee, Keun Hwa
Ewha Authors
윤여준
SCOPUS Author ID
윤여준scopusscopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE
ISSN
0002-9637JCR Link1476-1645JCR Link
Citation
vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 468 - 474
Publisher
AMER SOC TROP MED & HYGIENE
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is a tick-borne viral disease. The SETS virus (SFTSV) has been detected in the Haemaphysalis longicornis, which acts as a transmission host between animals and humans. SFTSV was first confirmed in China in 2009 and has also been circulating in Japan and South Korea. However, it is not known if a genetic connection exists between the viruses in these regions and, if so, how SFTSV is transmitted across China, South Korea, and Japan. We therefore hypothesize that the SFTSV in South Korea share common phylogenetic origins with samples from China and Japan. Further, we postulate that migratory birds, well-known carriers of the tick H. longicornis, are a potential source of SFTSV transmission across countries. Our phylogenetic analysis results show that the SFTSV isolates in South Korea were similar to isolates from Japan and China. We connect this with previous work showing that SFTSV-infected H. longicornis were found in China, South Korea, and Japan. In addition, H. longicornis were found on migratory birds. The migratory bird routes and the distribution of H. longicornis are concurrent with the occurrence of SFTSV. Therefore, we suggest that migratory birds play an important role in dispersing H. longicornis-borne SFTSV.
DOI
10.4269/ajtmh.15-0047
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연구기관 > 의과학연구소 > Journal papers
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