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Characteristics of methods of suicide attempts in Korea: Korea National Suicide Survey (KNSS)

Title
Characteristics of methods of suicide attempts in Korea: Korea National Suicide Survey (KNSS)
Authors
Kim, BoraAhn, Joon-HoCha, BoseokChung, Young-ChulHa, Tae HyonJeong, Seong HongJung, Hee YeonJu, GawonKim, Eun-YoungKim, Jae MinKim, Moon-DooKim, Min-HyukKim, Soo InLee, Kyoung-UkLee, Sang-HyukLee, Seung JaeLee, Yu JinMoon, EunsooAhn, Yong-Min
Ewha Authors
김수인
SCOPUS Author ID
김수인scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
ISSN
0165-0327JCR Link1573-2517JCR Link
Citation
vol. 188, pp. 218 - 225
Keywords
SuicideSuicide methodsSuicide attemptsMethods of suicide attempts
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Background: Because the method used for a suicide attempt is an important determinant of outcome, these methods should be explored. The present study was a nationwide investigation of suicide attempts and the characteristics of suicidal behavior. Aims: To compare the suicide methods used in attempted suicides with those used in completed suicides and to examine the factors associated with each phenomenon. Methods.: The present study reviewed the medical charts of subjects who had attempted suicide and subsequently visited the emergency rooms of 17 medical centers from May 1, 2013 to November 7, 2013. All subjects completed a full psychiatric interview conducted by trained psychiatric residents. Suicide attempt methods were divided into the following six categories: drug poisoning, pesticide poisoning, gassing, cutting, hanging, and others. The associations among demographic variables, related psychiatric variables, and suicide-attempt methods were analyzed using a multinomial regression analysis. Results: Of the 1359 suicide attempts or instrumental suicide-related behaviors with/without injuries and the 14,160 completed suicides, drug poisoning and cutting were the most common suicidal behaviors with/without injuries, but they were the least frequent method of completed suicides. In contrast, hanging and jumping from a height were less common among tailed suicide attempts but resulted in a higher percentage of fatalities. Being male, age, and area of residence were associated with pesticide poisoning, whereas previous suicide attempts were associated with cutting, pesticide poisoning, and gassing. Conclusion: A previous suicide attempt is a risk factor for suicide; thus, assessing the characteristics of suicide attempts or instrumental suicide-related behaviors with/without injuries is necessary to prevent attempted suicide differed from those used by individuals who completed. Of the suicide methods, pesticide poisoning was related to age, residential area (urban), and a history of previous suicide attempts. (c) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1016/j.jad.2015.08.050
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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