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Cardiac Function in Kawasaki Disease Patients with Respiratory Symptoms
- Cardiac Function in Kawasaki Disease Patients with Respiratory Symptoms
- Lee, Seul Bee; Choi, Han Seul; Son, Sejung; Hong, Young Mi
- Ewha Authors
- 홍영미; 손세정
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 홍영미; 손세정
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- KOREAN CIRCULATION JOURNAL
- 1738-5520; 1738-5555
- vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 317 - 324
- Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome; Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction; Respiratory virus; Natriuretic peptide, brain; Echocardiography, Doppler
- KOREAN SOC CARDIOLOGY
- SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Background and Objectives: Respiratory symptoms are often observed in children with Kawasaki disease (KD) during the acute phase. The association of respiratory viruses in children with KD was investigated using multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and tissue Doppler echocardiography. Subjects and Methods: 138 KD patients were included from January 2010 to June 2013. We compared 3 groups (group 1: n=94, KD without respiratory symptoms; group 2: n=44, KD with respiratory symptoms; and group 3: n=50, febrile patients with respiratory symptoms). Laboratory data were obtained from each patient including N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Echocardiographic measurements were compared between group 1 and group 2. RT-PCR was performed using nasopharyngeal secretion to screen for the presence of 14 viruses in groups 2 and 3. Results: The incidence of KD with respiratory symptoms was 31.8%. The duration of fever was significantly longer, and coronary artery diameter was larger in group 2 than in group 1. Tei index was significantly higher and coronary artery diameter larger in group 2 than group 1. Coronary artery diameter, C-reactive protein levels, platelet count, alanine aminotransferase levels, and NT-pro BNP levels were significantly higher and albumin levels lower in group 2 compared with group 3. Conclusion: NT-pro BNP was a valuable diagnostic tool in differentiating KD from other febrile viral respiratory infections. Some viruses were more frequently observed in KD patients than in febrile controls. Tei index using tissue Doppler imaging was increased in KD patients with respiratory symptoms.
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