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Turnover and Retention in Nonprofit Employment: The Korean College Graduates' Experience

Title
Turnover and Retention in Nonprofit Employment: The Korean College Graduates' Experience
Authors
Kang, ChulheeHuh, SooyeonCho, SangmiAuh, Erica Yoonkyung
Ewha Authors
조상미Erica Yoon Kyung Auh
SCOPUS Author ID
조상미scopus; Erica Yoon Kyung Auhscopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
NONPROFIT AND VOLUNTARY SECTOR QUARTERLY
ISSN
0899-7640JCR Link1552-7395JCR Link
Citation
vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 641 - 664
Keywords
turnovernonprofit organizationjob satisfactionKorea
Publisher
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Korea's nonprofit sector has undergone a sudden expansion in the last decade and its nonprofits experienced high employee turnover. This study is the first in Korean literature to examine workforce shifts in nonprofit organizations and explore influential factors that explain job changes from the nonprofit sector to other sectors. Using a three-wave panel data set of community college/university graduates, the Graduates Occupational Mobility Survey, we conducted a discrete-time survival analysis with the dependent variable of actual turnover. Our findings indicate that over half of employees left nonprofits within a year, and the majority found a new job in for-profit organizations. Different factors predicted turnover to for-profits, government agencies, and educational or research institutes. Age, wage level, employment type, and the size of nonprofit organizations explained employee shifts. Satisfaction with one's overall job, job content, social reputation, and opportunities for career development were significant predictors. Implications for nonprofit organizations are discussed.
DOI
10.1177/0899764014553032
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 사회복지학전공 > Journal papers
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