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Inverted Layer-By-Layer Fabrication of an Ultraflexible and Transparent Ag Nanowire/Conductive Polymer Composite Electrode for Use in High-Performance Organic Solar Cells
- Inverted Layer-By-Layer Fabrication of an Ultraflexible and Transparent Ag Nanowire/Conductive Polymer Composite Electrode for Use in High-Performance Organic Solar Cells
- Kim, Youngmin; Ryu, Tae In; Ok, Ki-Hoon; Kwak, Min-Gi; Park, Sungmin; Park, Nam-Gyu; Han, Chul Jong; Kim, Bong Soo; Ko, Min Jae; Son, Hae Jung; Kim, Jong-Woong
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS
- 1616-301X; 1616-3028
- vol. 25, no. 29, pp. 4580 - 4589
- composite electrodes; conductive polymers; flexible transparent electrodes; organic solar cells; silver nanowires
- WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- A highly flexible and transparent conductive electrode based on consecutively stacked layers of conductive polymer (CP) and silver nanowires (AgNWs) fully embedded in a colorless polyimide (cPI) is achieved by utilizing an inverted layer-by-layer processing method. This CP-AgNW composite electrode exhibits a high transparency of >92% at wavelengths of 450-700 nm and a low resistivity of 7.7 ?(-1), while its ultrasmooth surface provides a large contact area for conductive pathways. Furthermore, it demonstrates an unprecedentedly high flexibility and good mechanical durability during both outward and inward bending to a radius of 40 m. Subsequent application of this composite electrode in organic solar cells achieves power conversion efficiencies as high as 7.42%, which represents a significant improvement over simply embedding AgNWs in cPI. This is attributed to a reduction in bimolecular recombination and an increased charge collection efficiency, resulting in performance comparable to that of indium tin oxide-based devices. More importantly, the high mechanical stability means that only a very slight reduction in efficiency is observed with bending (<5%) to a radius of 40 m. This newly developed composite electrode is therefore expected to be directly applicable to a wide range of high-performance, low-cost flexible electronic devices.
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