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Inverted Layer-By-Layer Fabrication of an Ultraflexible and Transparent Ag Nanowire/Conductive Polymer Composite Electrode for Use in High-Performance Organic Solar Cells

Title
Inverted Layer-By-Layer Fabrication of an Ultraflexible and Transparent Ag Nanowire/Conductive Polymer Composite Electrode for Use in High-Performance Organic Solar Cells
Authors
Kim, YoungminRyu, Tae InOk, Ki-HoonKwak, Min-GiPark, SungminPark, Nam-GyuHan, Chul JongKim, Bong SooKo, Min JaeSon, Hae JungKim, Jong-Woong
Ewha Authors
김봉수
SCOPUS Author ID
김봉수scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS
ISSN
1616-301XJCR Link1616-3028JCR Link
Citation
vol. 25, no. 29, pp. 4580 - 4589
Keywords
composite electrodesconductive polymersflexible transparent electrodesorganic solar cellssilver nanowires
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
A highly flexible and transparent conductive electrode based on consecutively stacked layers of conductive polymer (CP) and silver nanowires (AgNWs) fully embedded in a colorless polyimide (cPI) is achieved by utilizing an inverted layer-by-layer processing method. This CP-AgNW composite electrode exhibits a high transparency of >92% at wavelengths of 450-700 nm and a low resistivity of 7.7 ?(-1), while its ultrasmooth surface provides a large contact area for conductive pathways. Furthermore, it demonstrates an unprecedentedly high flexibility and good mechanical durability during both outward and inward bending to a radius of 40 m. Subsequent application of this composite electrode in organic solar cells achieves power conversion efficiencies as high as 7.42%, which represents a significant improvement over simply embedding AgNWs in cPI. This is attributed to a reduction in bimolecular recombination and an increased charge collection efficiency, resulting in performance comparable to that of indium tin oxide-based devices. More importantly, the high mechanical stability means that only a very slight reduction in efficiency is observed with bending (<5%) to a radius of 40 m. This newly developed composite electrode is therefore expected to be directly applicable to a wide range of high-performance, low-cost flexible electronic devices.
DOI
10.1002/adfm.201501046
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 과학교육과 > Journal papers
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