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Joseon Funerary Texts Tested Using Ancient DNA Analysis of a Korean Mummy

Title
Joseon Funerary Texts Tested Using Ancient DNA Analysis of a Korean Mummy
Authors
Oh, Chang SeokKoh, Bou-JaYoo, Dong SooPark, Jun BumMin, So RiKim, Yi-SukLee, Sang SupGe, JianyeSeo, Seung BumShin, Dong Hoon
Ewha Authors
김이석
SCOPUS Author ID
김이석scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
ANATOMICAL RECORD-ADVANCES IN INTEGRATIVE ANATOMY AND EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY
ISSN
1932-8486JCR Link1932-8494JCR Link
Citation
vol. 298, no. 6, pp. 1191 - 1207
Keywords
Korean mummyarchaeologyteethJoseon dynastyshort tandem repeatsmitochondrial DNA
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
In Korea, ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis has been applied to investigations into the genetic affiliations of mummies found in Joseon Dynasty tombs (1392-1910 CE), becoming now indispensable tool for researches studying human remains from archaeological sites. In the course of our recent examinations on a Korean mummy of Joseon Dynasty, we discovered many teeth contained in a pouch. And in fact, the historical literature on the topic of Joseon funerals contain general accounts of pouches in which an individual's lost teeth were collected over the course of a lifetime and, after death, placed in the coffin with the body. To test the veracity of the historical texts, the present study undertook aDNA analyses and compared the results between specifically questioned (Q) samples (teeth) and known (K) samples (brain and bone) from the mummy to ensure that they came from the same individual. Although the Q-K comparison of autosomal short tandem repeat results did not show full concordance due to allelic drop-outs in some loci, our statistical calculation indicated that the teeth in the pouch are highly likely those of the mummy. Additionally, Q-K comparison of mitochondrial DNA sequence results showed 100% matches between samples. There results, in short, could not gainsay the conjecture that the teeth samples originated from the person buried in the tomb; and if so, he must have kept his teeth for a long time after their loss. As the application of aDNA analysis to Korean mummy studies develops, there will be other opportunities to test historical documents, particularly those referring to funerary rites. Anat Rec, 298:1191-1207, 2015. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
DOI
10.1002/ar.23142
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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