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School context, friendship ties and adolescent mental health: A multilevel analysis of the Korean Youth Panel Survey (KYPS)

Title
School context, friendship ties and adolescent mental health: A multilevel analysis of the Korean Youth Panel Survey (KYPS)
Authors
Kim, Harris Hyun-Soo
Ewha Authors
김현수
SCOPUS Author ID
김현수scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
ISSN
0277-9536JCR Link
Citation
vol. 145, pp. 209 - 216
Keywords
KoreaAdolescent healthSchool contextFriendship tiesSocial capital
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Indexed
SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Research on the social determinants of health suggests that interpersonal networks play a critical role in facilitating individual mental and physical well-being. Prior studies also indicate that ecological or contextual factors contribute to positive health outcomes. This study extends prior research by examining the factors associated with adolescent health in an Asian context Based on the multilevel analysis of the Korean Youth Panel Survey (2006 & 2007), a longitudinal project funded by the Korean government, it investigates some of the key variables related to the mental health of Korean students. Much of previous research focuses on the functions of social capital. This study contributes to the social epidemiology literature by investigating the possible downside of network ties. Specifically, it asks whether having delinquent friends is associated with negative mental health experiences. In addition, little research has been conducted concerning the associations between adolescent health outcomes and school characteristics. This study moves in that direction by examining the relationship between mental well-being of students and a variety of school related variables (e.g., subjective attitude toward school and quality of relationship with peers and teachers). Hierarchical linear modeling shows that, among the social capital control variables, being properly integrated into the family and frequent peer interaction significantly add to mental health. At the individual (student) level only, ties to delinquent friends are negatively associated with mental health, while at both individual and contextual levels, school characteristics are positively related to adolescent subjective well-being. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.05.002
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사회과학대학 > 사회학전공 > Journal papers
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