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Phase II study of mFOLFOX3 (5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) as second-line treatment after gemcitabine failure in patients with unresectable/metastatic biliary tract cancer

Title
Phase II study of mFOLFOX3 (5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) as second-line treatment after gemcitabine failure in patients with unresectable/metastatic biliary tract cancer
Authors
Hwang, In GyuJang, Joung-SoonOh, Sung YongRho, Myung HwanLee, SueePark, Young SukPark, Joon OhNam, Eun MiLee, Hyo RakJun, Hyun JungChi, Kyong-Choun
Ewha Authors
남은미
SCOPUS Author ID
남은미scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY AND PHARMACOLOGY
ISSN
0344-5704JCR Link1432-0843JCR Link
Citation
vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 757 - 762
Keywords
Biliary tract cancerSecond lineFluorouracilOxaliplatin
Publisher
SPRINGER
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Abstract
We conducted a phase II trial of 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin combination chemotherapy as a second-line treatment in unresectable/metastatic biliary tract cancer patients who had failed gemcitabine-based chemotherapy. Patients treated with gemcitabine-based palliative treatment were enrolled in this study. Patients were received modified FOLFOX3 (mFOLFOX3) consists of oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) (day 1) and leucovorin 30 mg (days 1, 2) followed by 5-fluorouracil 1,500 mg/m(2) (days 1, 2) every 2 weeks. Between March 2010 and June 2012, a total of 30 patients were enrolled in this study. Twenty-eight patients were measurable for treatment response. One achieved complete response, and one a partial response was observed. Overall response rate was 7.1 % (95 % confidence interval 0.9-23.5 %). The median progression-free survival was 1.6 months, and the median overall survival was 4.4 months. Grade 3-4 hematologic toxicities included neutropenia (6.7 %) and thrombocytopenia (3.4 %). The most common non-hematologic toxicity was neuropathy (22.2 %). However, the most common grade 3-4 non-hematologic toxicity was hyperbilirubinemia (5.0 %). There was one treatment-related death due to neutropenic infection. mFOLFOX3 as a second-line regimen has modest effect and tolerable toxicity in unresectable/metastatic biliary tract cancer patients who have been treated previously via gemcitabine-based chemotherapy.
DOI
10.1007/s00280-015-2691-1
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의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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