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Sex Differences in the Relation of Body Composition to Cardiovascular Parameters and Functions in Korean Adolescents: A School-Based Study

Title
Sex Differences in the Relation of Body Composition to Cardiovascular Parameters and Functions in Korean Adolescents: A School-Based Study
Authors
Song, Young-HwanKim, Hae SoonPark, Hae SookJung, Jo WonKim, Nam SuIl Noh, ChungHong, Young Mi
Ewha Authors
홍영미박혜숙
SCOPUS Author ID
홍영미scopus; 박혜숙scopus
Issue Date
2014
Journal Title
OBESITY FACTS
ISSN
1662-4025JCR Link1662-4033JCR Link
Citation
vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 165 - 177
Keywords
AdolescentBody compositionCardiac outputBlood pressurePulse wave velocity
Publisher
KARGER
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Abstract
Objective: Obesity in adolescence is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. The patterns of obesity and body composition differ between boys and girls. It is uncertain how body composition correlates with the cardiovascular system and whether such correlations differ by sex in adolescents. Methods: Body composition (fat-free mass (FFM), adipose mass, waist circumference (WC)) and cardiovascular parameters and functions were studied in 676 healthy Korean adolescents aged 12-16 years. Partial correlation and path analyses were done. Results: WC correlated with stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and pulse pressure (PP), cardiac diastolic function (ratio of early to late filling velocity (E/A ratio)), and vascular function (pulse wave velocity (PWV)) in boys. Adipose mass was related to SV, CO, SBP, PP, left ventricular mass (LVM), and PWV in girls - and to E/A ratio in both sexes. FFM affected SV, CO, SBP, and PP in both sexes and LVM in boys. Cardiac systolic functions had no relation with any body composition variable in either sex. Conclusion: In adolescence, the interdependence of the cardiovascular system and the body composition differs between sexes. Understanding of those relations is required to control adolescent obesity and prevent adult cardiovascular disease. (C) 2014 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg
DOI
10.1159/000362345
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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