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Isolated Congenital Hereditary Cataract in a Dizygotic Twin: Prenatal Ultrasonographic Diagnosis

Title
Isolated Congenital Hereditary Cataract in a Dizygotic Twin: Prenatal Ultrasonographic Diagnosis
Authors
Lee, Kyung A.Park, Mi-HyeKim, Young JuChun, Sun Hee
Ewha Authors
전선희김영주박미혜
SCOPUS Author ID
전선희scopus; 김영주scopus; 박미혜scopus
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
TWIN RESEARCH AND HUMAN GENETICS
ISSN
1832-4274JCR Link
Citation
vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 994 - 997
Keywords
congenital cataractheredityposterior lenticonusprenatal diagnosistwin
Publisher
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Abstract
Cataract, defined as opacity of the lens in one or both eyes, is a major cause of blindness throughout the world, and not uncommon, particularly in the elderly population. However, congenital cataracts are rare and occur with a frequency of 30 cases in 100,000 births. About one-third of the cases fall into the group inherited without systemic abnormality. Importantly, congenital cataracts produce deprivation amblyopia, refractive amblyopia, and retinal detachment, leading to lifelong visual impairment. Successful management is dependent on early diagnosis and referral for surgery when indicated. Here we present a case of hereditary bilateral cataracts in a dizygotic twin detected on prenatal ultrasound examinations and postnatally confirmed as congenital cataracts associated with posterior lenticonus.
DOI
10.1017/thg.2013.50
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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