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Lumbar Retrodiscal Versus Post-Ganglionic Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection for the Treatment of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniations
- Lumbar Retrodiscal Versus Post-Ganglionic Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection for the Treatment of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniations
- Park, Chan Hong; Lee, Sang Ho; Park, Hahck Soo
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- PAIN PHYSICIAN
- vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 353 - 360
- Corticosteroids; lumbar disc herniation; radicular pain; retrodiscal; transforaminal epidural injection
- AM SOC INTERVENTIONAL PAIN PHYSICIANS
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Background: Lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFESIs) are procedures often utilized in the treatment of radicular pain. TFESIs with a preganglionic approach have been reported to be more effective than TFESIs performed using a classic approach. However, it is unknown whether TFESIs using a retrodiscal approach are as effective as other approaches. Objective: To investigate the effect of an epidural steroid injection (ESI) on radicular pain, we conducted a randomized, controlled trial comparing a retrodiscal approach with a classic approach to treat lumbar disc herniation. Design: A case control study. Methods: Forty patients were randomized to receive lumbar TFESIs with either a retrodiscal approach (n=20) or with a classic approach (n=20). Measurements were taken before as well as 4 and 8 weeks after treatment using a visual analog scale (VAS) score, Patient Satisfaction Index (PSI) and the Roland 5-point pain score. Results: In the retrodiscal group, there was a statistically significant improvement in the VAS score after injection compared to baseline. In the classic group, there was a statistically significant improvement in the VAS score after injection compared to baseline. There was no statistically significant difference in the VAS score, PSI, or the Roland 5-point pain score between those treated with a retrodiscal approache and those treated with a classic approach. Limitations: Secondary outcomes were not measured and the study did not include a mid- or long-term follow-up period. Conclusion: In this study, TFESIs performed using a retrodiscal or classic approach had similar effects on radicular pain. The classic and the retrodiscal transforaminal steroid injection resulted in equivalent pain relief.
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