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The Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and the Associated Factors to CKD in Urban Korea: A Population-based Cross-sectional Epidemiologic Study

Title
The Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and the Associated Factors to CKD in Urban Korea: A Population-based Cross-sectional Epidemiologic Study
Authors
Kim, SuhnggwonLim, Chun SooHan, Dong CheolKim, Gyo SunChin, Ho JunKim, Seung-JungCho, Won YongKim, Yeong HoonKim, Yon-Su
Ewha Authors
김승정
SCOPUS Author ID
김승정scopus
Issue Date
2009
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE
ISSN
1011-8934JCR Link
Citation
vol. 24, pp. S11 - S21
Keywords
KoreaKidney FailureChronicEpidemiologic Studies
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS
Abstract
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide problem. This study was designed to survey the prevalence and risk factors for CKD in Korea. The 2,356 subjects were selected in proportion to age, gender, and city. Subjects 35 yr of age or older were selected from 7 cities. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation, with albuminuria defined as a urine albumin to creatinine ratio of 30 mg/g or more. The overall prevalence of CKD was 13.7%. The prevalences of CKD according to stage were 2.0% stage 1, 6.7% stage 2, 4.8% stage 3, 0.2% stage 4, and 0.0% stage 5. The prevalences of microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were 8.6% and 1.6%, respectively. The prevalence of eGFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) was 5.0%. Age, body mass index (BMI), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and fasting blood glucose were independent factors related to the presence of CKD. In conclusions, Korea, in which the prevalence of CKD is increasing, should prepare a policy for early detection and appropriate treatment of CKD. The present data will be helpful in taking those actions.
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2009.24.S1.S11
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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