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Structural brain abnormalities in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy patients: Volumetry and voxel-based morphometry

Title
Structural brain abnormalities in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy patients: Volumetry and voxel-based morphometry
Authors
Tae, Woo SukHong, Seung BongJoo, Eun YunHan, Sun JungCho, Jae-WookSeo, Dae WonLee, Jong-MinKim, In YoungByun, Hong SikKim, Sun I.
Ewha Authors
주은연
Issue Date
2006
Journal Title
KOREAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY
ISSN
1229-6929JCR Link
Citation
vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 162 - 172
Keywords
magnetic resonance (MR)image processingjuvenile myoclonic epilepsyhippocampuscorpus callosumfrontal lobe
Publisher
KOREAN RADIOLOGICAL SOC
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
Objective: We aimed to find structural brain abnormalities in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) patients. Materials and Methods: The volumes of the cerebrum, hippocampus and frontal lobe and the area of the corpus callosum's subdivisions were all semiautomatically measured, and then optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was performed in 19 JME patients and 19 age/gender matched normal controls. Results: The rostrum and rostral body of the corpus callosum and the left hippocampus were significantly smaller than those of the normal controls, whereas the volume of the JME's left frontal lobe was significantly larger than that of the controls. The area of the rostra] body had a significant positive correlation with the age of seizure onset (r = 0.56, p = 0.012), and the volume of the right frontal lobe had a significant negative correlation with the duration of disease (r = -0.51, p = 0.025). On the VBM, the gray matter concentration of the prefrontal lobe (bilateral gyri rectus, anterior orbital gyri, left anterior middle frontal gyrus and right anterior superior frontal gyrus) was decreased in the JME group (corrected p < 0.05). Conclusion: The JME patients showed complex structural abnormalities in the corpus callosum, frontal lobe and hippocampus, and also a decreased gray matter concentration of the prefrontal region, which all suggests there is an abnormal neural network in the JME brain.
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의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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